The Tarnished History and Image of Police Departments

Long before there was a police force in America, there were sheriffs. The office of sheriff has its roots in 9th century England. According to the National Law Enforcement Museum, the early policing system was modeled after the English structure, which incorporated the watch, constables, and sheriffs (derived from the British term, “shire-reeves”) in a community-based police organization. The British system developed from “kin policing” dating back to about 900 A.D., in which law enforcement power was in the people’s hands, and they were responsible for their families or “kin.”) Early law enforcement was reactionary, rather than pre-emptive—the watch usually responded to criminal behavior only when requested by victims or witnesses.

Then called a “reeve,” what is now known as the Sheriff in America, was an individual originally selected by the serfs to be their informal social and governmental leader.   The reeve soon became the Kings appointed representative to protect the King’s interest and act as mediator with people.

In the United States, approximately 98 percent of sheriffs are elected. Good, bad or mediocre, what sets the office of sheriff apart from the police force, is that the sheriff’s office is accountable to the citizens through the election process.

Police-Brutality-protest-Fullerton-CA-e1382393910367Policing however, did not come about through a democratic process. It began as a watch system created in Boston in 1636. Think about the year and ask, what crimes were possibly committed in 1636?   The watchers watched for fires. They watched for thieves.   Crimes consisted of false worship, Sabbath breaking, cursing or smiting parents, blasphemy, idolatry, witchcraft, murder, adultery, incest, sodomy, bestiality, kidnapping, treason, horse stealing, robbery.

While the formation of municipal police departments in the North were to warn of impeding danger, the Southern states had a different motivation for policing. They started as “slave patrols,” first in the Carolina colonies in 1704, whose primary functions were to (1) chase down, apprehend, and return runaway slaves to their owners; (2) organize a form of terror to deter slave revolts; and (3) maintain a form of discipline for slaves if they violated plantation rules.   After the Civil War, the slave patrols evolved into vigilante-style organizations as a means of controlling freed slaves.

The first established American police force was in the city of Boston in 1838.   New York City followed in 1845 and Chicago in 1851. By the 1880’s, all major U.S. cities had municipal police forces.   Police departments are not accountable to citizens but to a central governmental authority. In most cities, that is the Mayor.

police_brutality_rhode_island_police_officer_edward_krawetz1Modern day police forces are not the result of a direct response to crime. According to Spitzer and Scull, (1977), modern police forces in the United States emerged as a response to “disorder.” At different times throughout history, “disorder” was defined by those controlling the economic interests of policing. The economic interests were not crime control but social control. Police departments were established in response to immigrates coming to urban areas. When those immigrants complained of unsafe working conditions, they were deemed to be in “disorder.”

Defining social control as crime control was accomplished by defining “dangerous classes.”  Depending on the city, most groups of immigrants were considered “dangerous classes” at some point; the Germans, Irish, Italians and Polish.  It was suggested that public drunkenness, worker riots, and hooliganism, were the products of a biologically inferior, unskilled, and uneducated underclass. During this time, the commercial sale of alcohol was a financial interest, while the policing of those drunk in public raised money for the municipality who paid the wages of the police who protected the interests of businesses making and selling alcohol. It was irony and a vicious circle.

FergusonByWCurtisNYTimesPolice forces in America were altered, no longer being a reactive enterprise, but a preventative enterprise, particularly by controlling “dangerous classes.”  There are people today who demonstrate their belief that police departments are intended to control people based on their perception of “dangerous classes.”   One such person was involved in sending extortion threats to this blog that unless I deleted this blog, they would defame me.  Failing to instill fear, they changed the extortion demand — unless I reported solely on “Black on black crime” that they would defame me.

In September 2013 after the person I refer to as “Miss Filth” began sending comments to other bloggers in attempt to defame me and advise them that I was deceiving them, I wrote about the harassment.

In July 2014, after more than a year of enduring their threats and harassment, I changed options for this blog so that only those with word press accounts can submit comments.

Tweet 1Miss Filth is now back. Shortly after I reported on a cyber-harasser in November 2014, Miss Filth opened a twitter account. While representing herself as the wife of a police officer and an EMT, she focuses on dishonestly presenting what is written on this blog. Her comments tarnish the image of law enforcement, and demonstrate a tunnel vision where she sees everything in terms of cops vs. Blacks, Blacks vs. cops; all cops are good; all Blacks are bad. She projects that attitude in her comments, disrespecting the many victims of police brutality reported on this blog regardless of their race.

Tweet 6

Tweet 5Tweet 4

Tweet 3

Tweet 2

Tweet 10

Her twitter timeline shows that 99 percent of the tweets of her own opinions are about this blog. The rest of her timeline consists of retweets. Rather than supporting members of law enforcement, she uses them as a platform to spew racial bigotry and continue her agenda to defame this blog.  She is not the wife of a police officer, nor an EMT.  Also notice her obsession with me — as someone here pointed out, her Twitter handle blanc_papillon7 is French for white butterfly7.

I would say that this is the last person that law enforcement would want advocating for them.

Just after Kev nominated this blog for an award, Papillion Jane started following him on Twitter. I suspect that he will soon, (if he hasn’t already), receive a direct message or comment to his blog alleging that I’m a “black racist” who uses Whites. Papillion Jane is the same individual who previously accused me of being an old White woman who would run if I saw Trayvon Martin come near me.

(I have the urge to sing “I’m Every Woman” and “We Are The World”.)

Just like Papillon Jane (@blanc_papillon7) has a history of changing her handles while not changing her nature and agenda, police departments in America also have a history. Early American police departments were notoriously corrupt and brutal. They were under the control of mayors and politicians, many of whom used the police force as an intimidation factor during elections.

According to Dr. Gary Potter, professor of online and on-campus courses for the Eastern Kentucky School of Justice Studies, early police departments refused to arm their officers. It was only after officers took it upon themselves to carry firearms that politicians gave in to them. Some police forces today require officers to purchase their own side arms.

It was with organized, paid police forces, that organized crime got a foothold in America. People should still remember Al Capone, who is said to have had at least 50 percent of the Chicago police force on his payroll, along with judges, and then Chicago Mayor, William “Big Bill” Hale Thompson.

PBS reports:

“Irish Americans controlled Chicago ward politics — and the police force. When it was founded in 1855, the Chicago Police Department only employed native born men. Within a decade, though, a third of Chicago’s police were Irish, and by 1900 the Irish dominated the department. Famously corrupt, Chicago’s “finest” prevented German Americans from voting, traded favors with Michael Cassius McDonald’s crime syndicate, and avoided setting foot on, much less policing, the city’s roughest streets.”

The political control of the Chicago Police Department is seen in the 1861 law passed by the Illinois General Assembly. It created a police board under the executive department of Chicago, autonomous with the office of the mayor. The mayor was effectively stripped of his power to control the Chicago Police Department. Authority was given to three police commissioners. The commissioners created the office of superintendent to be the chief of police. In 1875, the Illinois General Assembly found that the police commissioners were unable to control rampant corruption within the Chicago Police Department. The legislature passed a new law returning power over the police to the mayor. The mayor was allowed to appoint a single police commissioner with the advice and consent of the city council.

Encyclopedia Britannica is a good source for the problems in the first police forces in America, including corruption that is some cases, disbanded detective divisions.

In the comment section on another post, it was stated:

“Xena, the public seems to be helpless in seeking justice in both of these cases.”

Because of the political structure that is background to police departments, the public does not know who is exactly in charge in the hiring and firing of police officers. Depending on who you ask, the appointment and authority to hire and fire police officers might be with the Mayor of a city, or the Board of Police and Fire Commissioners. Who appoints the Board is also up to question. The only thing that citizens can be sure of is that the Mayor is elected by citizens of the city. If we want answers and changes, make it a campaign issue. Make the Mayor or his/her opponent in the next election, address and provide answers.

Change can also come through state legislatures. Contact the Representative for your district and start discussion on legislation regarding negotiations of union contracts and a chain of authority in the hiring and firing of police officers.   Cities are allowed to have their own ordinances, but they still must operate according to state law.

Arbitrators of union contracts do not represent the interests of citizens. They are more than willing to decide that officers terminated for using excessive force be returned to active duty.  That is the same as having a non-judicial officer decide that an abuser can return to the household of those abused to repeat the same actions without consequence. Those hearings before arbitrators do not include victim impact statements.   Citizens must have a voice.

The most common protest saying is “No Justice. No Peace.” I personally use No Justice, No Trust. That is because when any profession violates law and uses their profession to avoid consequences, citizens find it difficult to trust those professions. The lack of trust has now trickled down to state prosecutors.

The thought that someone such as Miss Filth represents that she’s married to a police officer, and that she has the opinion that all Blacks are thugs, is enough to cause us all concern that there are people with badges carrying guns who do not respect all human life.

Posted on 01/04/2015, in Cops Gone Wild, Cyber Abuse and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 86 Comments.

  1. Reblogged this on It Is What It Is and commented:
    An excellent post … history, facts and reality!

    • Hey Horty! Thanks for the reblog. I appreciate your support. Yes, we should learn from history and not repeat it. My generation experienced what the Chicago police force was like. We still live with the memory of the 1968 Democratic National Convention.

  2. Yes there is a lot of tarnished history.. No longer is the police in the USA there to protect and serve.. it seems from viewing your police force from outside.. I live in the UK.. its become quite brutal at least in its portrayal via the media, films etc.. But maybe again this is intentional too.. to make the public fearful of them… And I know there are many factual evidence of their brutality to white women too.. So its across the board..

    I am sure just as in every group of people there are both those who DO protect and serve.. while others joined the uniform brigade because they enjoy the ‘Power’ it gives them.. Here too in the UK.. we still have segments of those who are basically nothing more than Bullies.. It is these set of bullies who use that power beyond reasonable means to exert their power which allows them to feel superior..
    It doesn’t help when So called ‘Justice’ seems to back up their actions as untouchable.. which then creates more of the same attitudes in others and more resistance from others as they see the Justice system is flawed..

    The more I view how it is all shaping up.. the more I am reminded of Robot Cop.

    But I know there are many people who stand up for Human Rights.. and who stand up for Peace.. so I have to hold hope that Right will win over Wrong… If not the consequences will be unthinkable..

    • Sue,

      It doesn’t help when So called ‘Justice’ seems to back up their actions as untouchable.

      That’s it in a nutshell.

      I agree — good will eventually overcome evil.

  3. Jackie Saulmon Ramirez

    Happy New Year, Xena! Go for it, sing “I’m Every Woman” and “We Are The World” loud enough for me to hear you!

    There are more good cops than bad and I have to believe that Right will win out, if not, all hope is lost.

    There should be a way to block troll’s harassment from your blog. There are so many mean people in the world that are hell-bent on hate that I feel they will continue to get in some way.

    I’m not quite back from my break yet but I had to read this. ❤

    • Hey Jackie! Thanks for taking a break from your break to visit and comment.

      There should be a way to block troll’s harassment from your blog.

      When I changed options so that a Word Press account is needed to submit comments, it practically cut-off their legs. There’s only been about 3 comments since then that were trollish. That’s why Miss Filth turned to Twitter. Her first complaint was that my Twitter is account is protected. She accused me of “hiding” on Twitter. Why would anyone think I am hiding on Twitter when they can ask to follow me, or come to this blog and submit comment if they want to communicate with me? The answer; because she knows that I know she is a cyber-extortionist. She is the one who is hiding behind a new identity on Twitter to continue her bigoted racist harassment, this time under the guise of supporting the police.

      When the next social issue arises, she will have a new identity someone else on social media to use as a springboard to repeat the same hatred she has been spewing since around April 2012 when she decided that Trayvon Martin was a thug who deserved to be killed.

      • Jackie Saulmon Ramirez

        You are so beautiful, Xena, when I grow up I want to be like you. Hate in any form is diminishing and not to be tolerated. ❤

  4. People like Ms. Filth had no problem when folks were threatening to kill Law Enforcement officers at the Bundy Ranch, yet when a town of oppressed citizens were being threatened by police with military equipment, for exercising their 1st Amendment rights, suddenly folks like her are pro government.

    Like you stated, I doubt very much the police are pleased to have a blatant outright racist such as her representing them, during this time when the police are accused of being racist. Duh. One thing about racists is they seem too stupid to figure this out.

    • Mindyme,
      If the Bundy Ranch had Black members, Miss Filth would have been all over it to call their actions wrong. You might remember that two members of that Ranch killed two cops in Vegas. Miss Filth and her White Supremacist comrades had nothing to say about that. Amazingly, they had not heard about Kelly Thomas until Leatherman reported and discussed the acquittal of the two officers on his blog. Had Kelly Thomas been Black, the filthy bunch would have been all over it supporting the officers who killed him.

      When the families of Black victims, or Black victims if still alive, seek redress in the civil court, they call it the “BGI.” When White victims such as David Castellani seek redress in the civil court, the filthy crowd is silent. When the grand jury did not indict the 3 deputies that choked Ethan Saylor to death, the filthy crowd was silent.

      They have to be silent about those cases reported here when Whites are victims because it goes against their accusations that I’m a “black supremacist” and this blog a “racist black blog”. They have no idea how much that disrespects White victims and their families. Death does not discriminate.

      • I found myself in a discussion with 40 quite adamant (read-paranoid) pro 2nd Amendment enthusiasts who were all very much like Ms. Filth. Any police action against people of color was justified.. Any government action against White people was intrusion..

        They don’t trust our government and are sure they’re coming for all their guns, yet would not take, as truth, an independently culled tally of gun deaths in America. They insisted the numbers were too high therefore they couldn’t be correct. They all insisted the FBI and CDC had more accurate numbers. The irony that the FBI and CDC are both government agencies seemed to escape them.

        Folks like that are dangerous. Ignorance is dangerous.

        • Mindyme,

          Folks like that are dangerous. Ignorance is dangerous.

          Yes, as is hypocrisy. They think that their guns protect them from the government who uses guns to take the lives of other citizens. They believe they have a right to their guns and a 1st Amendment right to speak their minds, while also believing that certain citizens have no right to guns and speaking their minds constitutes “riots”. Only they have a monopoly on criticizing the government, while others who do the same are called traitors. It’s impossible to reason with them.

      • yahtzeebutterfly


        About Miss Filth…you wrote the following:

        “Her twitter timeline shows that 99 percent of the tweets of her own opinions are about this blog.”

        I want to point out that just the “@ name” she chose indicates that she is basically on twitter to harass and tell lies about you, Xena. Your blog is “Blackbutterfly7”. Miss Filth chose to label her twitter as “@blanc_papillon7” which is French for “Whitebutterfly7”

        Miss Filth needs to STOP her hate and harassment!

        • yahtzeebutterfly

          Miss Filth probably does not even know that you based the name of your blog on the beautiful song “Blackbutterfly” because it matches your “Strength Through Struggle”
          motto which you have posted in the title heading of your blog.

          Perhaps this is a good time to post the song:

          • Yahtzeebutterfly,
            She and her minions read the word “Black” and in their bigoted, White Supremacist mindsets, limit it to race and a “black racist” blog. In their ideologies, even butterflies have races. Speaks volumes.

        • Yahtzeebutterfly,
          It’s okay, because butterflies are white, black, orange, purple, pink, yellow, and multi-colored. (I’m pretty sure I missed some colors, but you get the idea.) 🙂

          Miss Filth can be whatever color she wants, but if she hasn’t lived the life of transformation that acquires strength through struggle, she isn’t a butterfly at all.

          Miss Filth had a love-hate attitude from the beginning of her harassment. She admires me so much that for several months she tried to convince me to support George Zimmerman. She perceived me as a voice of confidence and influence. But, her diatribes denigrated Trayvon, as if I was making a choice between individuals only, regardless of evidence.

          Then she started the lying accusations, among them that I held myself out as a lawyer or legal professional. Then she and her minions found an appellate court decision and said it was me. That led to months of harassing comments daring me to “explain” a decision that does not apply to me, and daring me to reveal my “legal name.” Unlike some in that gang, I don’t seek recognition from reporters, lawyers, or anyone associated with the media or who is in the spotlight.

          That is what I mean when saying that no one defines me. Jessica, Vicki, David and their minions have attempted to do that. What they allege cannot be found anywhere on this blog, in articles neither comments.

          She hates that I cut-off her means to harass me through comments submitted to this blog. Even her current attempt to mock and bully regarding my Twitter account being protected is silly, because if anyone wants to follow me on Twitter, they can request to do so. If they don’t but have something to say, they can find me right here.

          Yeah — she’s obsessed with me. Thanks for pointing out that her Twitter handle was personally chosen by her as a connection with this blog.

    • I agree Mindyme, It is unfortunate that Ms. Filth has decided to bash Blackbutterfly. Her inflammatory diatribe is laughable.

    • Blanc_papillon7 uses “snowapes” in her tweets a lot. Guess what? I just learned tonight what that means. That is what she and her minions call Whites who support equal justice for all.

      Why the heck doesn’t she just call us Panda Bears. They’re black, white and Asian. 🙂

  5. Sing “We are the World” and I’ll get my band to back you up.

    G C D G
    There comes a time, when we heed a cartain call.
    C D G
    When the world must come together as one.
    There are people dying,
    and it’s time to lend a hand,
    Am C D
    to life the greatest gift of all.

    G C D G
    We can’t go on pretending day by day
    C D G
    That someone, somewhere will soon make a change
    Em Bm
    We are all a part of God’s great big family
    Am C D
    And the truth, you know, Love is all we need.


    C D G
    We are the World, we are the children
    C D G
    We are the ones who make a brighter day so lets start giving
    Em Bm
    There’s a choice we’re making, We’re saving our own lives
    Am D G
    It’s true we’ll make a better day, just you and me
    G C D G
    Send them your heart so they’ll know that someone cares
    C D G
    And their lives will be stronger and free
    Em Bm
    As God has shown us by turning stones to bread
    Am C D
    So we all must lend a helping hand


    Eb F G
    When you’re down and out, there seems no hope at all
    Eb F G
    But if your just believe there’s no way we can fall
    Em Bm
    Let us realize that a change can only come
    Am C D
    When we stand together as one


    C D G
    We are the World, we are the children
    C D G
    We are the ones who make a brighter day so lets start giving
    Em Bm
    There’s a choice we’re making, We’re saving our own lives
    Am D G
    It’s true we’ll make a better day, just you and me
    G C D G
    Send them your heart so they’ll know that someone cares
    C D G
    And their lives will be stronger and free
    Em Bm
    As God has shown us by turning stones to bread
    Am C D
    So we all must lend a helping hand

    Maybe we can record the music here, send it to you, you sing along with it or send Xena vocal parts and she can send them to me and I’ll mix it all over the internet. You guys heard my band at Thanksgiving when she posted some of my Christian songs so I believe we have the musical talent even though some of those singers are now gone.

    Why not……if Miss Filth can run her foul mouth in a horribly racist way, why can’t we “over power them with positive”

    • Racer,
      I’m all for it. If you do the track, I’ll sing the lyrics and send it back for you to mix. For sure we can do a video to “over power them with positive.”

      Just in case anyone missed the Thanksgiving post, here’s the video of my favorite song.

  6. peni4yothot

    “Police forces in America were altered, no longer being a reactive enterprise, but a preventative enterprise, particularly by controlling “dangerous classes.”

    Melissa Harris-Perry opened this morning with this topic. Wished I’d caught the guest names to quote them. However, a friend and I were discussing this awhile back. This is why policing is heavy targeting low income neighborhoods which are mainly POC. My friend who is white said that whites in these neighborhoods are targeted as well. Oh, and lets not forget if you’re middle easterner and or; mentally challenged. All are considered to be “dangerous class”.

    The Pat Lynches are of an old regime which fit the racial makeup in the past, now since demographics have changed tremendously, even he’s seeing a different story w/in the private meetings amongst unions. The police who are opposing Mayor deBlasio is actually opposing change. Just as Xena pointed out in history what/how policing evolved into what it is now, it’s at a turning point now to change. Wow, and the politics behind each change; whew.

    Speaking of the Mayor, reminds me of Mayor Knowles of Ferguson who ducked/hid responsibility of who was accountable for local PD. Well, Sam Cooke has a song for Knowles.

    Last but not least, the clown (????) who has no circus to work in; can easily find an elephant and roll under it.

    “over power them with positive” (racer’s statement)
    the positive is “circus” maybe. Lol

    • Peni,

      Oh, and lets not forget if you’re middle easterner and or; mentally challenged. All are considered to be “dangerous class”.

      Absolutely! Add homeless to that list.

      I have not forgotten that Jeffrey Dahmer’s last victim was killed because Dahmer led the cops to believe that the bloody teen was his lover and they had a lover’s spat. The cops gave that kid over to Dahmer and walked away. The victim was also Asian.

      It’s a job of opportunity — the opportunity being any person perceived as a member of a “dangerous class.”

      • peni4yothot

        Hi Xena,

        “The cops gave that kid over to Dahmer and walked away. The victim was also Asian.”

        That was awful, we all know if that victim’s zip was 90210, Dahmer would’ve been caught then.

        My circus comment was written poorly, it’s regarding Filth needing to roll under some elephants. Roulette under tons of weight. Lol

        • Peni,
          I caught on to the circus comment. 🙂 Well, at least she didn’t tweet out the link to this article. LOL!

          The thing with Dahmer — the cops were prejudiced against gays. That prejudice clouded their ability to do their job. Can you imagine what that kid must have felt and thought when the police handed him over to Dahmer? The last I followed up on that case, the kid’s parents sued the city.

    • Peni-well written. Wow you gave me allot to think about

  7. WOW Xena. this is very important historical info that ppl need to be aware of.
    this gives me a better perspective of police attitudes now that i understand what they’ve devolved/evolved into.
    so apparently not only is there a lack of citizen control over police misconduct, there’s a lack of governmental control.

    I was also under the impression police answered to the mayor and that’s why I’m frustrated by de Blasio’s non-reaction to the police stunt at the funeral- and their union rep’s idiotic incendiary rhetoric feeding the hostility. and remember, they ‘turned their back’ on the vice-president while he spoke at the funeral too.

    then there’s the police revolt; AKA #NYPDSlowdown. the police refusal to do their usual arrest/harass/ticket/stop&frisk for minor offenses, aka; broken window policing, which from my point of view, is actually a positive step in the right direction.
    But the other way i see it is they’re basically getting paid by taxpayers the same money for doing less than half the job. that’s another type of punishment of the citizens.
    IMO it’s a type of financial extortion of the city& its revenue. That’s a loss of hundreds of thousands in monies raised from arrests, citations etc..

    maybe we’ll begin addressing these issues now…

    • I think it’s awesome how the crime rate has dropped with the cops ‘off the streets’…Ironic isn’t it?

      “Chirlane and I have had to talk to Dante for years about the dangers that he may face. A good young man, law-abiding young man who would never think to do anything wrong. And yet, because of a history that still hangs over us, the dangers he may face, we’ve had to literally train him—as families have all over this city for decades—in how to take special care in any encounter he has with the police officers who are there to protect him.”

      No one can explain to me how those words ‘threw’ anyone ‘under the bus’

      • Mindyme,

        No one can explain to me how those words ‘threw’ anyone ‘under the bus’

        Darkness does not like light. When a majority of arrests are made on charges of resisting arrest because people didn’t know they were being spoken to, or were not given a chance to comprehend the yelling and screaming before finding their face driven in the pavement with a knee on their neck and someone sitting on their back, and cops decide not to go on the street and harass people, of course “the crime rate dropped.” It was the cops who initiated the “crime rate.”

    • Shannon,

      maybe we’ll begin addressing these issues now…

      YES! Once people begin to realize how police departments are structured, it gives us a better understanding of how to go about changing that structure so that voters who elect politicians have more voice in how their communities are policed.

  8. yahtzeebutterfly

    “No Justice, No Trust.”

    I pray that 2015 will be a year that efforts to establish trust will be productive. There needs to be a spirit of openness and caring developed through community dialogue. Community concerns need to be heard and understood by those who serve various communities.

    A bond of love and understanding needs to be established. People need to understand the stress that police officers are under, and police officers need reach out and connect with the communities they serve. When people walk together and talk together, friendship and mutual understanding is possible.

    • “Whether the mask is labeled fascism, democracy, or dictatorship of the proletariat, our great adversary remains the apparatus—the bureaucracy, the police, the military. Not the one facing us across the frontier of the battle lines, which is not so much our enemy as our brothers’ enemy, but the one that calls itself our protector and makes us its slaves. No matter what the circumstances, the worst betrayal will always be to subordinate ourselves to this apparatus and to trample underfoot, in its service, all human values in ourselves and in others.”
      ― Simone Weil

      • yahtzeebutterfly

        I believe the light of goodness with cast out the darkness.

        People need to pick up the spirit of this song:

        • yahtzeebutterfly

          “A part of what nonviolent practice and activity has done for me is it has deeply escalated what I call my “confidence in the universe,” and my willingness to trust in its care. It has also greatly expanded my heart at the point of seeing people in a different light. I think that that’s at the fore of any kind of spirituality; it’s becoming more human.

          To become more human, your heart has to become more compassionate, more inclusive of other human beings.”

          ~Jim Lawson (He prepared John Lewis and SNCC for non-violent action.)

          • yahtzeebutterfly

            It was this non-violent spirit that guided the Freedom seekers in the early sixties:

            • This was great! Thank you!

            • Xena’s article did not suggest or incite violence or hatred against Police Officer’s. Her well written article gave some needed background to help her readers understand the history of how the Police Department came to be. It bears repeating, that this was a Great Article which I found thought provoking. Don’t you think?

          • yahtzeebutterfly

            Supabutterfly, I posted the Jackie Deshannon song, the Jim Lawson quotation, and the Freedom Singer’s “Ain’t Gonna Let Nobody Turn me around” in response to what you quoted at 5:40 that included the sentence
            No matter what the circumstances, the worst betrayal will always be to subordinate ourselves to this apparatus and to trample underfoot, in its service, all human values in ourselves and in others.”

            My way of saying that we need to stand up against injustice and my faith in love conquering all.

            My only response to Xena’s article was to agree with her that there is no trust if there is no justice and I followed that up with my hope and pray for trust developing in 2015 and how I thought it could be done.

            Supabutterfly, I see the whole page when I come to it on my computer. If you are using a phone for WordPress notices or email notices, you probably don’t see the placement of the replies and that could be the cause of your misunderstanding.

  9. Xena- This article conveys perfectly that the “US Policing System” was built on inequality, prejudice, corruption, demoralization, unscrupulousness, cronyism and inside influence. It is more than disconcerting to me that even today this holds true. The system has a deep seeded evil that it is almost mortifying. I think Benjamin Todd Jealous said it best:

    “Racial profiling punishes innocent individuals for the past actions of those who look and sound like them. It misdirects crucial resources and undercuts the trust needed between law enforcement and the communities they serve. It has no place in our national discourse, and no place in our nation’s police departments.”.

    His words never rang more true.

    • It really does, punish innocent individuals. Having been raised in the South in the 60’s with family in Law Enforcement, I know how racist some LEO can be.

    • supabutterfly, it reminds me of marriages where the husband claims that being “head of the household” gives him the right to abuse and harm to control his wife as a religious given right. The question is, can the marriage be repaired? The husband has built a life-style of co-dependency so the wives do not know if they can survive without the husband. When the husbands have the final say and say they don’t believe in divorce, what then?

  10. Xena! I hope your cold is better! I’m fighting one now, fever, chills, sore throat, sneezing like mad.

    May I pick your brain? 🙂

    In the town where I live, a 22 y/o man was killed, as the story reports. I’m wondering why the police haven’t named the shooter. Is it true in a SYG case (if the shooter claims SYG) that the police don’t have to release the shooter’s name?

    • Mindyme,
      The latest strain of flu comes without warning. It includes chills and fever, and attacks the chest/lungs with congestion and pain that accompanies bronchitis or pneumonia. It’s nothing to play with. I can usually shake a cold within the first few hours of symptoms, and that onion out to absorb viruses and germs works wonder. It did nothing for the latest strain of flu that attacked me Christmas evening, however.

      If you begin experiencing pain and/or tightness in your chest or back, please see a doctor immediately. Over 15 people have died since the beginning of December when the strain of flu reared its ugly head.

      About the article; I can only speculate that the name of the killer has not been released because no charges have been filed.

      • I forgot about the onion thing!! I will do that now!

        I will call the sheriff’s department in the morning and ask who the person was. I’m thinking it should be public information.

        I’m just curious as to their criminal record. We know that most people who claim SYG have criminal records. I have a hard time reconciling someone who would shoot a 22 y/o kid as someone who hadn’t behaved impulsively before, especially because they had a gun on them.

        Daniel Grady lived in an exclusive area near where he was killed. By the looks of his FB page, he couldn’t have been much of a threat. I’m beginning to think his killer has ties to LE..

        • Mindyme,
          The one thing about that article that puzzles me is, Daniel was in his car. How can any individual approach the vehicle of another person and kill them, then claim self-defense?

          Hope the onion helps. If it’s a cold and not the flu, it should.

          Thanks for your willingness to get more information about Daniel. Please share it here.

          • I had an amazing nights sleep and I do feel better this morning!!

            Daniel exited the car he was in and approached the car in line at the drive thru behind them. I think. I will share when I know more

            Good Morning!

  11. roderick2012

    A dim light in the darkness

    Police chief’s anti-racism sign lauded, criticized

    PITTSBURGH (AP) — Pittsburgh’s new police chief is being praised by the mayor but criticized by a police union president for being photographed on New Year’s Eve holding a sign that says: “I resolve to challenge racism @ work.”

    The sign also has a Twitter hash tag that says “# end white silence.” Chief Cameron McLay was photographed holding up the sign that someone had brought to the city’s annual First Night celebration.

    • Roderick- This is unfortunate.

      “Woe to those who call evil good and good evil, who put darkness for light and light for darkness, who put bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter.”

    • I am so proud of this police chief, he joins departments in Nashville and Richmond California as folks willing to walk the walk for peace in their communities.

  12. yahtzeebutterfly

    I watched with tears the funeral of Officer Wenjian Liu this morning… heartbreaking.

    Here is the full video of his funeral service:

    May you rest in peace Wenjian Liu.

    • Yahtzee- this too hurts. The Officer was innocent and was simply doing his job. I have likewise shed many tears over the many innocent citizens like Office Liu, who have lost their lives to senseless violence. Xena did a great job with this article inasmuch she has demonstrated “beyond a reasonable doubt” that the foundation which the police department was based on a “spirit of ascendancy”.

    • I’ve seen clips, his daughter’s eulogy.. heartbreaking..

  13. Thousands of mourners lined up in the rain Sunday morning in Brooklyn to pay their final respects to slain NYPD detective Wenjian Liu. When a video screen began showing de Blasio, who honored Liu and the city’s heartbreak that followed the officer’s death, many officers turned the other direction in a sign of disrespect.

    • wow so disrespectful to Mr. Liu.

    • This is so disgusting. Normal ppl of influence and power need to step up and hold these idiots accountable! they must have consequences for doing this again!!! These are public employees protesting A DAMN FUNERALLLLLL, the mayor of their city in the taxpayer paid uniforms! SOMEBODY DO SOMETHING!! My goddddddd!!

      • I agree- This is really disgusting and disrespectful.

      • Hey Shannon! There are loads of material written by psychologists and others on bullying. One of the things they say about bullying is that it includes shunning, or exclusion. What the cops did when turning their backs when the Mayor spoke, was a childless, bullying action. They want to have their way. It is their way of responding to the Mayor for resisting arrest for speaking his mind.

      • Who is running that town anyway?? The police?

        • yahtzeebutterfly

          Looks like it, Mindy.

          I still can’t get over thinking that the police chief lacks power to enforce the chokehold ban. Any police officer using a chokehold should be fired.

        • Mindyme, the police run every large urban city. I had an assistant State’s Attorney tell me that prosecutors would not arrest city employees because the office of the State’s Attorney works for the city. If the cops make no arrests, prosecutors have no cases. If the cops don’t make traffic stops and issue tickets, the city loses money. If the cities lose money, then the mayors are held to blame. If the mayors are held to blame, then it becomes a campaign issue and of course, that issue gets connected with maybe reducing the number of cops which defaults to meaning that more little old ladies will have their purses snatched.

          • yahtzeebutterfly

            Oh, my gosh, that is horrible, Xena.

            Things have to change! This is so wrong!

  14. yahtzeebutterfly

    I am sorry, Wenjian Liu, that there seems to be no still, gentle place where we can all pause to just concentrate on you.

    Rest in peace Wenjian Liu.

    • Yahtzeebutterfly,
      I don’t like your insinuation about the article and/or comments on this page. This is not a them vs us article/blog. What I won’t allow is for you to hijack the thread about the Word Press annual review and happy new year’s page and turn it into a funeral service for anyone.

      More than once, I’ve offered you author privileges to write for this blog and you refused. If you want a blog page specifically dedicated to Officer Liu, let me know and I will make you an author for this blog so you can write it and moderate the comments. Please don’t expect for me to stop everything I’m doing to make an exclusive “gentle place” because you don’t feel the subject article is “gentle.”

      • yahtzeebutterfly

        You know, Xena. You are absolutely right in what you write.

        I am wrong.

        I apologize and am very sorry.

      • scrodriguez

        You know here are my thoughts regarding those who suggest that we should all support law enforcement. We should and I do support law enforcement when the law is actually being applied and enforced lawfully. Cops are humans first, and human make mistakes.

  15. scrodriguez

    Who ever this nutter is she needs to stop claiming I am Hood Report, in fact she needs to keep to herself and mind her own business.

    • I wrote a response and when I went to post, Word Press burped. (sigh)

      The biggest mistake that the cyber-extortionists make is assuming that bloggers do not talk with each other. They continue putting evidence into our hands that they intend to violate our civil right of free associations.

      As we know, their attacks always demean our intelligence. They are only fooling themselves.

      Seriously, I doubt that they care about Mr. Stalker. A Miss Filth took the demonstration, and probably advice of Mr. Stalker, and filed copyright infringement complaints against another blog. She gave them false personal information in her complaint and her second complaint was immediately denied. What Mr. Stalker probably didn’t tell her was that his efforts against this blog resulted in him needing to file a lawsuit against me in a federal court of jurisdiction. He didn’t do that.

  16. scrodriguez

    I have noticed her to in fact she is playing patsies with the guy who created that webpage on behalf of my stalker. I find it hilarious that they all have confided in him to “Out” me as it appears he himself has a very recent history of things I only stood accused of.

    Now im not going to go out and slander that man I dont know him he doesnt know me, Nor do I know his situation or the facts surrounding what he got himself involved in I could care less but you shouldnt throw stones when you live in a glass house. I dont have to play tit for tat with him though I know he filed a false tip through my local PD thats being dealt with soon enough.

    This group of people are not out for what they claim to be they do have an agenda and its quite obvious

    • Santiago,
      Your attitude is correct. Let the prosecutors and courts handle it.

      • of course BTW E mail me when you can serious question regarding the false police reports that have been filed

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