Long before there was a police force in America, there were sheriffs. The office of sheriff has its roots in 9th century England. According to the National Law Enforcement Museum, the early policing system was modeled after the English structure, which incorporated the watch, constables, and sheriffs (derived from the British term, “shire-reeves”) in a community-based police organization. The British system developed from “kin policing” dating back to about 900 A.D., in which law enforcement power was in the people’s hands, and they were responsible for their families or “kin.”) Early law enforcement was reactionary, rather than pre-emptive—the watch usually responded to criminal behavior only when requested by victims or witnesses.
Then called a “reeve,” what is now known as the Sheriff in America, was an individual originally selected by the serfs to be their informal social and governmental leader. The reeve soon became the Kings appointed representative to protect the King’s interest and act as mediator with people.
In the United States, approximately 98 percent of sheriffs are elected. Good, bad or mediocre, what sets the office of sheriff apart from the police force, is that the sheriff’s office is accountable to the citizens through the election process. Read the rest of this entry
It involved 38 alleged victims across Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom. Investigation took 8 months and involved law enforcement agencies in B.C. Ontario, New Brunswick, Halifax, the State of Michigan and in the U.K., Hertfordshire and London.
Robert Campbell, (42) of Ottawa, Canada, now faces;
- 27 counts of criminal harassment.
- 85 counts of defamation libel.
- 69 counts of identity fraud.
A victim said that Campbell posted fake, defamatory social media profiles for him, his daughter, and his mother. He worried that his children would be hindered in applying for school because of the fake profiles.
The posting of profiles and social media pages impersonating others, is considered identity fraud. Read the rest of this entry
From across the pond, but just goes to show what can happen when the wrong persons are threatened on Twitter.
Some people who commit cyber-crime, because they are not immediately arrested, do not believe that law enforcement takes it seriously and brushes away victims. Others think that they can stay hidden because they disguise their online identity. Jared Abrahams now knows better. He faces up to 11 years in prison.
On September 26, 2013, Bill L. Lewis, Assistant Director of the FBI’s Los Angeles Field Office, and André Birotte, Jr., United States Attorney for the Central District of California issued a press release announcing the arrest of 19-year old Jared James Abrahams of Temecula, CA. On September 17, 2013, Abrahams was charged in a federal criminal complaint filed under seal in the United States District Court in Orange County. According to the complaint, investigation began around March 2013. Read the rest of this entry