November – This Month in Black American History

By Guest Blogger Yahtzeebutterfly

 

Birthdays

November 1, 1915 – Artist and poet Margaret Taylor-Burroughs

Here she is reading her philosophy:

 

 

November 2, 1859 – Educator James Benson Dudley

Excerpt from NCpedia;

“ James Benson Dudley, educator and college president, was born in Wilmington to John Bishop and Annie Hatch Dudley, slaves of Edward B. Dudley (1789–1855), governor of North Carolina…”

“Dudley edited the ‘Wilmington Chronicle’, a Negro weekly newspaper, and was active in politics, serving as register of deeds for New Hanover County in 1891 and as delegate to the 1896 Republican National Convention in St. Louis. He was secretary of the board of trustees for the Agricultural and Mechanical College at Greensboro from 29 May 1895 to 27 May 1896 before succeeding John O. Crosby as president of that institution on 28 May 1896; he retained the post for twenty-nine years.”

 

November 4, 1942 – Ophthalmologist and inventor Patricia Bath in Harlem, New York

November 9, 1731 – Surveyor Benjamin Banneker in Baltimore County, Maryland

 

November 11, 1914 – Civil rights activist Daisy Bates, who guided the Little Rock Nine students who integrated Little Rock Central High School

November 12, 1906 – Blues singer and guitarist Booker (Bukka) White

 

November 13, 1955 – Happy Birthday, Whoopi Goldberg!

November 13, 1928 – Bebop jazz pianist Hampton Hawes

 

November 14, 1915 – Figure skater Mabel Fairbanks

 

November 16, 1873 –  “Father of the Blues” W. C. Handy

 

 

November 22, 1942 – Astronaut and aerospace engineer Guion Bluford in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

 

November 30, 1924 – U.S. Representative Shirley Chisholm who ran for President of the United States in 1972 with the campaign slogan “Unbossed and Unbought.”

 

Events

November 1, 1910 – First issue of the NAACP’s “Crisis” magazine (W.E.B. Du Bois was its first editor)

 

 

November 1, 1945 – First issue of “Ebony” magazine founded by John H. Johnson

 

 

 

November 5, 1945 – Frank Sinatra visited Gary, Indiana to advocate for integrated school.

Excerpt:

“ Gary in 1945 was a relatively diverse community, owing to job opportunities at the steel mill that served as the city’s economic engine. But at one local school, Froebel High School, efforts at desegregation were met with great resistance. When a new principal began integrating extracurricular activities like student government, the school orchestra and use of the swimming pool, a group of white students went on strike from their classes.”

“In an attempt to deescalate tensions, the school invited Frank Sinatra to offer a performance and words of wisdom—a decision that led LIFE, in November of 1945, to report on the strike and its aftermath.”

WBEZ has more on Sinatra’s visit to Froebel High School:

November 6, 1901 – “Lift Every Voice and Sing” also known as the Black National Anthem, is composed by brothers James Weldon Johnson and J. Rosamond Johnson.

 

November 7, 1955 – Interstate bus segregation was banned by the Interstate Commerce Commission.

November 12, 1941 – Founding of the National Negro Opera Company

November 13, 1956 – “U. S. Supreme court strikes down Alabama laws requiring segregation of buses.” (Browder v. Gayle)

November 17, 1961 – Nine Chatmon Youth Council members and SNCC workers Charles Sherrod and Cordell Reagon tested the interstate Commerce Commissions desegregation rules in Albany, Georgia at the Trailways bus station.  This was the beginning of the Albany Movement.

 

 

November 28, 1958 – Federal court throws out law against segregated athletic events in Louisiana.

 

Posted on 11/17/2016, in Black History Month and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink. 44 Comments.

  1. yahtzeebutterfly

    The following news release by the Association of Artists for Freedom was probably created in November 1963 during organizing sessions:

    FOR RELEASE – December 3, 1963

    “The same hatred, the same bigotry, the same sickness, the same gun, which on June 11, 1963 killed Medgar Evers in Mississippi, and on September 15, 1963, killed six children in Birmingham, has now on November 22, 1963, struck down the President of the United States.

    “We are deeply sorrowful, but sorrow is not enough. There has been unleashed in our land the deadly virus of hatred and violence…

    “We are a great people for feeling sorrow and for shedding tears to express our grief. But all too often our sadness is of a brief season, and all too soon we turn again back to business as usual.

    “Permissive violence is a common staple today in the mass media of our country. Coming down to us historically through war against the Indians, through slavery, lynchings, gangland warfare, to the current use of dogs and electric cattle-prods against human beings by law enforcement officers.

    “Before the next martyr is struck down and the next season of public anguish and sorrow commences, we the Association of Artists for Freedom, call upon you, the American people to join us in putting our deep grief into positive actions.

    “This is no time for business-as-usual. This is no time for Christmas-as-usual. On moral principles alone, let us refuse to participate in the orgy of shopping-as-usual this Christmas. Let us make this Christmas season in the year of our Lord and of our profound sorrow, nineteen hundred and sixty three, a time of National Shame and Mourning. And by our sacrifices, let us, who love our country, reaffirm our dedication to those forgotten principles upon which this country was founded, and by which it must live or die.

    “To those of us who must give something, let us make our Christmas gift a contribution to civil rights organizations and other institutions working to build and strengthen the moral and religious fibre of our nation.

    “What profounder monument can we build to the memory of Medgar Evers and the children of Birmingham and the President of the United States?”

    FOUNDING MEMBERS:
    James Baldwin, Ossie Davis,
    Ruby Dee, Odetta Gordan,
    Louis Lomax,
    John O. Killens, Acting Chairman
    Clarence B. Jones, Counsel

    Liked by 1 person

  2. So interesting and informative! Thank you for this

    Liked by 1 person

  3. chuquestaquenumber1

    Hello Everyone.

    November 29 1908 Happy Birthday Adam Clayton Powell Jr. As a Congressman Rep. Powell was the greatest most productive Congressman this country ever produced. Passed 60 pieces of legislation. Passed these without a single defeat.No Congressperson before or since has that accomplishment. Led boycotts of public transportation, utility companies, stores, etc. that practiced discrimination against Black people decades before MLK. Was a powerful religious figure before MLK, Malcom X,Elijah Muhammad,Rev Jeremiah Wright,Minister Farrakhan,etc. Was bold and audacious before Muhammad Ali,Black Panthers,US,Roy WIlkins,etc.

    However, I will leave you with his most famous speech.

    Here’s What’s In your Hands.

    Liked by 1 person

    • yahtzeebutterfly

      What a great speech!!! So inspirational.

      Thanks, Chuquest for posting it and telling of Adam Clayton Powell’s great accomplishments and leadership!

      Liked by 1 person

    • Thanks Chuquest! I remember my parents mentioning Adam Clayton Powell making changes in New York during the Great Depression. His organized pickets and encouragement to boycott stores that did not hire Blacks, led to the employment of thousands of Blacks.

      Thanks again for bringing the life and accomplishments of Adam Clayton Powell to our attention.

      Liked by 2 people

  4. yahtzeebutterfly

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  6. yahtzeebutterfly

    Those who have no record of what their forebears have accomplished lose the inspiration which comes from the teaching of biography and history.
    ~Carter G. Woodson

    Educator Dr. Julia Davis, who was born on November 20, 1891, taught in St. Louis public schools from 1913 to 1961. Her greatest contribution was teaching, collecting, and researching Black history and creating annual exhibits on the African American experience at the St. Louis Public Library as well as leading workshops on Saturdays.

    A group of poets in front of library banner honoring Dr. Julia Davis

    Excerpt from http://www.historyhappenshere.org/node/7353 :

    ”Her passion for learning and teaching about African American history began as a young child, when she would pore over scrapbooks that her father had filled with clippings and photos of accomplished African Americans. Despite living in a community (and a country) characterized by discrimination and segregation, she was taught to be proud of her heritage, and dedicated her life to teaching others the same. But she never thought of black history as something to be taught as a separate subject; rather, she integrated the stories of African American men and women into the larger context of history, creating a more robust, honest picture of the past.

    Davis told the stories of African Americans in as many ways as she could, and her work became a model for researching and celebrating the lives and contributions of African Americans. Beginning in 1941, she helped to create annual black history exhibits at the public library, and she also wrote five monographs on black history, which were published by the St. Louis Public Schools and became part of their curriculum. In 1961, she established a fund at the St. Louis Public Library to begin buying books and literature about African Americans’ contribution to culture. In addition, she donated her personal collection to the library. By 1993, that collection had grown to nearly 3,000 volumes.

    Dr. Julia Davis was a force to be reckoned with, not because she yelled the loudest or donated the most money, but because she knew who she was and had a clear vision and purpose. She was an ordinary woman who did extraordinary things—and in doing so became an amazing example of a life well lived. Our city is a better place for her having lived and worked here.
    —Katie Moon, Administrative Assistant for Exhibits and Research

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  11. yahtzeebutterfly

    From Wikipedia:

    Christopher J. Perry was born on September 11, 1854 in Baltimore, Maryland to free African-American parents. In Baltimore, Perry attended school and gained a positive reputation in his local community through his public speeches.

    After he graduated from high school in 1873, the ambitious Perry migrated to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania due to the lack of opportunities for African Americans in Baltimore. Once in Philadelphia, Perry began writing for local newspapers like the Northern Daily and the Sunday Mercury. He wrote a column titled, “Flashes and Sparks” for the Mercury which provided information to the growing Black community in Philadelphia.

    Through his regular columns, Perry gained positive attention from the educated members of the African-American community in Philadelphia. However, in 1884, the Sunday Mercury went bankrupt and Perry found himself without a job.Later that year on November 27, 1884, Perry began his own newspaper titled the Philadelphia Tribune, and Perry ran the operation as the owner, reporter, editor, copier, and advertiser. Perry worked on the Tribune until his death in 1921.

    Throughout his career with the Tribune, Perry promoted the advancement of American Americans in society and covered issues affecting their daily lives.

    When the Tribune began publication in 1884, it was a weekly, one page paper located at 725 Sansom Street. Despite the challenges Black businesses faced during the late nineteenth century, especially in journalism, the Tribune enjoyed unusual success during its early years as it averaged 3,225 copies weekly by 1887.

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  12. yahtzeebutterfly

    Additional background:

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  14. yahtzeebutterfly

    November 23, 1914 Emmett Littleton Ashford, the first African American umpire in major league baseball, was born in Los Angeles, California.

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  19. yahtzeebutterfly

    Robert Sengstacke Abbott, founder of the Chicago Defender newspaper was born on November 24, 1870 in St. Simons Island, Georgia

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  20. yahtzeebutterfly

    Singer Percy Tyrone Sledge was born on November 25, 1940 in Leighton, Alabama.

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    Bicyclist Marshall Taylor, born November 26, 1878, won the one-mile championship in 1899.

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  29. yahtzeebutterfly

    Jimi Hendrix, considered to be one of the most influential guitarists, was born on November 27, 1942 in Seattle, Washington.


    “Mr. Jimi Hendrix with his 12 string acoustic guitar. Filmed in widescreen. A very clear image of Jimi and his guitar work.”

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  30. yahtzeebutterfly


    Robert Heberton Terrell, the first African American justice of the peace in Washington, D.C., was born on November 27, 1857 in Orange, Virginia. He graduated from Harvard in 1884 and then Howard University’s law school where he later served on its faculty. From 1910 until his death in 1925, he served a municipal judge in Washington, D.C.

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  31. yahtzeebutterfly

    Prodigy classical violinist Eddie South was born on December 27, 1904 in Louisiana. He turned to jazz because positions in the classical music field were not available to African Americans in the United States.

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  32. yahtzeebutterfly

    Congressman Mickey Leland, born on November 27, 1944 in Lubbock, Texas Though out his life he was always dedicated to justice issues and helping others.

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  33. yahtzeebutterfly

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  34. yahtzeebutterfly

    November 27, 1957

    (She held this position until 1997.)

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  35. yahtzeebutterfly

    Civil rights activist Frederick Douglas Reese, born November 27, 1929, received his undergraduate degree in math and science from Alabama State University, his masters degree in education from Livingston University, and his Doctorate of Divinity and educational specialist degree from Selma University.

    From Wikipedia:

    “As president of the Dallas County Voters League, Reese signed and sent the DCVL’s invitation to Martin Luther King Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) to come to Selma to lend their support to the voting rights campaign there. King and the SCLC agreed to come, and they started their public engagement in Selma’s voting rights campaign on January 2, 1965, with a mass meeting in violation of an injunction against large gatherings…

    “In 1965, Reese held the simultaneous leadership positions of DCVL president and president of the Selma Teachers Association…

    “On January 22, three days after Amelia Boynton’s encounter with police, and three days before another demonstration in front of the county courthouse where Annie Lee Cooper… had a violent encounter with Sheriff Jim Clark, Reese gathered 105 teachers—almost every black teacher in Selma[—to march on the courthouse. The teachers climbed the steps but were barred from entering to register. They were pushed down the steps twice, the police jabbing them with nightsticks…It was the first time in Civil Rights Movement that teachers in the South publicly marched as teachers; they were the largest black professional group in Dallas County, and their actions inspired involvement from their students and others who were unsure about participating in demonstrations.”

    🎈 Happy Birthday Dr. Reese! 🎈

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  36. yahtzeebutterfly

    Sculptor and painter Charles Henry Alston was born on November 28, 1907 in Charlotte, North Carolina.

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  37. yahtzeebutterfly

    Song writer and founder of the Motown label, Berry Gordy was born on November 28, 1929.

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  38. yahtzeebutterfly

    Biography:

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  39. yahtzeebutterfly

    Here is the patent description:

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