September – This Month In Black American History
By Guest Blogger Yahtzeebutterfly
September 2, 1766 – Businessman and abolitionist James Forten was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Author Julie Winch discusses her book on the life of James Forten at this link.
September 3, 1895 – Lawyer Charles Hamilton Houston in Washington, D.C.
September 4, 1908 – Writer Richard Wright in Natchez, Mississippi
September 5, 1939 – Claudette Colvin, the first person arrested for not giving up her bus seat to a White woman in Montgomery, Alabama.
Interview by Democracy Now with Claudette Colvin:
September 12, 1913 – Track and field Olympic champion Jesse Owens in Oakville, Alabama
September 12, 1992 – Dr. Mae Jamison became the first African American woman to travel in space.
September 15, 1852 – Edward Alexander Bouchet was an African American physicist and educator and was the first African-American to earn a Ph.D. from any American university, completing his dissertation in physics at Yale in 1876. Bouchet was among the first 20 Americans (of any race) to receive a Ph.D.
September 16, 1925 – Riley B. King was born and is professionally known as B.B. King. He is considered the most influential blues musicians of all time, earning the nickname “The King of the Blues.”
September 19, 1941 – Singer Otis Redding
September 22, 1862 – Announcement of the Emancipation Proclamation by President Abraham Lincoln
September 23, 1926 – Saxophonist John Coltrane in Hamlet, North Carolina.
September 23, 1863 – Birth of civil rights and suffrage activist Mary Church Terrell in Memphis, Tennessee
September 27, 1827 – First Black U.S. senator Hiram Rhodes Revels was born in Fayetteville, North Carolina. He was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1870 to represent the state of Mississippi. The lecture at this link is a tribute to Senator Hiram Rhodes Revels.
September 3, 1838 – Abolitionist, writer, orator, and statesman Frederick Douglas escaped from a plantation in Tuckahoe, Maryland where he had been born a slave.
September 9, 1915 – Founding of The Association for the Study of Negro Life and History by the “Father of Black history” Dr. Carter G. Woodson who published the first issue of the Association’s “Journal of Negro History” in 1915. In 1926 Carter Woodson launched Negro History Week which later expanded into Black History Month.
September 17, 1787 – “U.S. Constitution is approved with three clauses protecting slavery.” The Box Houston has the story.
September 19, 1881 – Booker T. Washington taught the first classes at Tuskegee Institute.
September 24, 2016 – National Museum of African American History and Culture will open in Washington, D.C. !
September 29, 1910 – The founding of the Urban League. PBS has the story.
September 30, 1962 – James Meredith, with an escort of U.S. Marshals, enrolled at the University of Mississippi. Angered over Meredith’s enrollment, a mob of 3000 Whites rioted and fought state and federal units.
Throughout the month, Yahtzeebutterfly posts other historical moments in the comment section. Please feel free to add to this month’s history by posting to the comment section.